Alliance Formation in Civil Wars, Cambridge University Press, 2012

Reviewed in: The Boston Globe, Perspectives on Politics, Journal of Peace Research, The Middle East Journal, SurvivalH-Diplo,  International Journal of Middle East Studies, Nationalities Papers and featured in Georgetown Journal of International Affairs and MIT News

 Referenced in blogs in: The New York Times, The Washington Post, and Foreign Policy


"State Capacity Redux: Integrating Classical and Experimental Contributions to an Enduring Debate," Annual Review of Political Science (ARPS), Vol. 21, 2018. (With Elissa Berwick)

“Direct Democracy and Resource Allocation: Experimental Evidence from Afghanistan,” Journal of Development Economics (JDE), 124, 199-213. (With Andrew Beath and Ruben Enikolopov)

“Electoral Rules and Political Selection: Theory and Evidence from a Field Experiment in Afghanistan,” The Review of Economic Studies (ReStud), 83 (3), 932-968. (With Andrew Beath, Georgy Egorov and Ruben Enikolopov)

“Empowering Women through Development Aid: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Afghanistan,” American Political Science Review. 107 (3): 540-557. (With Andrew Beath and Ruben Enikolopov)

“Context Modularity of Human Altruism,” Science. 334 (6061): 1392-1394. (With Marc Alexander)

“Following the Money: Muslim versus Muslim in Bosnia’s Civil War,” Comparative  Politics. 40 (4): 461-480. Reprinted in Political Violence, Erica Chenoweth, eds., SAGE Library of International Relations.

“Winning Hearts and Minds through Development: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Afghanistan,” (With Andrew Beath and Ruben Enikolopov) Appendix

“Do Elected Councils Improve Governance? Experimental Evidence on Local Institutions in Afghanistan,” MIT/SSRN Working Paper. (With Andrew Beath and Ruben Enikolopov)

"To Karbala: Surveying Religious Shi’a from Iran and Iraq," (With Elizabeth Dekeyser and Dean Knox)

"Mobilization and Information Dissemination in Violent Contexts: Methodology and Hypotheses Using Call Records Data from Yemen." (With Jure Leskovec and Leon Yao)

“Drone Strikes and Phone Spikes: The Effect of Drone Strikes on Cellphone Communication in Yemen.”  (With Michael Freedman Spyros Zoumpoulis, Leon Yao and Ali Jadbabaei)

“Imams and Businessmen: Service Provision in Turkey.” (With Tugba Bozcaga)

"Networks of Sectarianism: Experimental Evidence on Access to Services in Baghdad." (With Dean Knox and Jaffar Al-Rikabi)

“Sacred Sect: Unpacking Shi’a Sectarianism.” (With Elizabeth Dekeyser and Dean Knox)

Book Chapters

"Assessing Syrian Refugee Integration Using Call Detail Records from Turkey" forthcoming in Guide to Mobile Data Analytics in Refugee Scenarios, eds. Salah, Pentland, Lepri, Letouze, Vinck, de Montjoye and Dong, Springer. (With Tugba Bozcaga, Constantinos  Daskalakis, Elizabeth Harwood,  Christos  Papadimitriou)

"Piety and Religious Communalism among Shiites in Iraq and Iran," forthcoming in The Oxford Handbook of Politics in Muslim Societies, eds. Melani Cammett and Pauline Jones, Oxford University Press. (With Elizabeth Dekeyser and Dean Knox)

"Navigating Data Collection in War Zones," forthcoming in An Unorthodox Guide to Fieldwork, eds. Peter Krause and Ora Szekely, Columbia University Press.

"Decentralization in Post-Conflict Settings: Assessing Community-Driven Development in the Wake of Violence," in Decentralized Governance and Accountability: Academic Research and the Future of Donor Programming, eds. Jonathan Rodden and Erik Wibbels, Cambridge University Press, 2019.

Reports and Pre-Analysis Plans

"Meta-Analysis Pre-Analysis Plan on Community Policing," 2018. (With Graeme Blair, Cyrus Samii and Jeremy Weinstein)

"Pre-Analysis Plan for an Impact Evaluation of USAID's "Communities Thrive" Local Governance Program in the West Bank," 2018.(With Erin York and Ruben Enikolopov)

"Impact Evaluation Design for USAID’s “Communities Thrive” Local Governance Program in the West Bank," 2017. (With Erin York and Ruben Enikolopov)

"Baseline Report for USAID’s “Communities Thrive” Local Governance Program in the West Bank," 2017. (With Erin York and Ruben Enikolopov)

Our final report, as well as our midlinebaseline and monitoring reports, along with our preanalysis plans and instruments and data related to the randomized impact evaluation of Afghanistan's National Solidarity Program can be found here:

"The National Solidarity Programme: Assessing the Effects of Community-Driven Development in Afghanistan", International Peacekeeping. 22 (4): 302-320. Special Issue: Development Assistance for Peacebuilding. (With Andrew Beath and Ruben Enikolopov)

"Civil Service Reform in Post-Conflict Societies," Research Note: World Bank i2i Fragile and Conflict State Impact Evaluation Research Program, February 2015. (With Jurgen Blum and Daniel Rogger)

Digital Collections

Photos from Tehran murals I collected in 2006 that are now archived at Harvard University Libraries Digital Collections.

Essays and Opinion

"The Geography of Gulenism in Turkey," Foreign Policy, 18 March 2019 (With Tugba Bozcaga)

"Turkish Referendum Rallies in Europe Made Headlines. Did they Affect Election Results?" Monkey Cage/The Washington Post, 6 May 2017 (With Tugba Bozcaga)

"Shiites are Participating in the World's Largest Pilgrimage Today. Here is how they View the World," Monkey Cage/The Washington Post, 21 November 2016 (With Elizabeth Dekeyser and Dean Knox) 

"Mapping Shiite Opinion: Insights from the Arba'een Pilgrimage," Foreign Affairs, 24 October 2016 (With Elizabeth Dekeyser and Dean Knox) 

"Yemen Calling: Seven Things Cell Data Reveal About Life in the Republic," Foreign Affairs, 6 July 2015 (With Leon Yao, Stephen Wittels and Jure Leskovec)

Roundtable of Reviews for Paul Staniland's Networks of Rebellion: Explaining Insurgent Cohesion and Collapse, in H-Diplo 7(16), 11 May 2015.

"Too Much of a Good Thing," Foreign Policy, 18 December 2013 (With Ruben Enikolopov)

What Can Civil War Scholars Tell US about the Syrian Conflict,” appeared in The Political Science of Syria’s War, POMEPS Briefings in collaboration with Foreign Policy, 18 December 2013.

Roundtable of Reviews of Alliance Formation in Civil Wars (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012) in H-Diplo 6 (2), 11 October 2013.

"Why I fight for a Free Syria: A graphic story of one man's struggle," Al Jazeera America, 5 September 2013 (With Thalia Chantziara)

“How Syrian Women are fueling the Resistance and Why Washington Should Support them,” Foreign Affairs, 6 March 2013.

"Doing the Least Harm: How to Prevent a Post-Withdrawal Resumption of Violence in Afghanistan and Iraq," Ethnopolitics 11 1 (2012): 98-100.

“Letter from Kabul: Fear and Abandonment in Afghanistan,” Foreign Affairs, 26 June 2011.

“Defining Success in Afghanistan: What can the United States Accept,” Foreign Affairs, 89 (4): 48-60, July/August 2010 (With Stephen Biddle and J. Alexander Thier).

“Viewpoint: Measuring Success in Afghanistan,” The BBC, 22 February 2010 (With Thalia Chantziara)

“Co-opt the Commanders,” The New York Times, 1 September 2009 (With Michael Semple)

“Sartorial Stumping,” The New York Times Op-Ed Page, 18 August 2009 (With Thalia Chantziara)

“Flipping the Taliban How to Win in Afghanistan,” Foreign Affairs, 88 (4):34-45, July/August 2009 (With Michael Semple)

“A Quiet Battle for Rights in Iran,” The Washington Post, 27 August 2007.

“Voices of Iranian Reform, Silenced,” The Washington Post, 9 July 2006.

“Hamas at the Helm,” The New York Times Op-Ed Page, 27 January 2006 (With Sreemati Mitter)

“Strange Bedfellows in Afghanistan,” The Boston Globe, 18 September 2005.

“Uzbekistan’s Tiananmen,” The Boston Globe, 21 May 2005.


My Google Scholar profile can be found here