This website is dedicated to my research, which looks at how individuals, groups, and institutions in embattled societies shape and are shaped by conflict. I am primarily interested in how cooperation emerges in violently contested environments, and what role identity, material incentives, networks, and institutions play in that process. My work brings a variety of sophisticated methods to bear in answering these questions and draws upon empirics from extensive fieldwork in diverse areas of the Muslim world.

You can find the report from a recently conducted survey of over four thousand Shi'a religious pilgrims from Iran and Iraq here.

To give you a sense of where I do my work, here are some photos from the field in Najaf in Iraq, Aden in Yemen, Maidan Saleh in Saudi Arabia, as well as from Balkh, Daikundi, Nangarhar, and from several of our other field sites in Afghanistan.